Bai ethnic minority group has a population of 1,858,063. Eighty
percent are living in communities in the Dali
Bai Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan
Province. The word Bai means white, and in the Bai minority
group white is considered a sacred color meaning purity. The Bai
people speak their own unique language which uses many Mandarin
words because of their long contact with the Han people.
During the Tang Dynasty, the Bai ethnic
minority became so powerful that they established their
own kingdom known as the Nanzhao kingdom. The Bai people
are known for their superb building skills and excellent
city of Dali is a prime example of how well designed
and beautifully their buildings were constructed. Visitors
to Dali Ancient City can see ancient buildings that
are still standing today and have been lived in by generation
after generation of the same family.
traditional clothing of the Bai ethnic group is very colorful, and
unique to their minority group. The favorite color of both men and
women is white. The colors of their clothing are light, which forms
a beautiful contrast to the dark colors used as ornamentation. The
women's dresses are edged with lace and are adorned with elaborate
cross stitch embroidery.
Women's clothing consists of pants
covered by an apron and an upper garment which is normally
a sleeveless short jacket. The women of the Bai minority
group wear beautiful hair ornaments and elaborate headgear.
Another important part of every woman's outfit, is the
baby carrier. They are elaborately embroidered and used
to tie the baby onto their backs.
Unique to the Bai group is that
the babies when tied into their carriers can look over
their mother's shoulders letting them see
what is going on around them.