Weibao Mountain: The Cradle
of Nanzhao Kingdom
in the south of Weishan County, with a total area of 19.4 square
kilometers and its peak 2509 meters, Weibao Mountain was the birthplace
of Nanzhao State and well-known for its sacred Taoist site. And
it is also one of the famous mountains in southwest China with a
good reputation of "the quietest place being in Weibao in the world".
This is recorded in the historical books of different dynasties.
The history of Weishan's rising is recorded in "Cause of Weishan"
of Tang Dynasty and "Picture Biography of Nanzhao" (by words). And
along the south and north side of its peak, there are over 20 palaces
or temples, among which Qingwei Temple, Doulao Pavilion, Peihe Tower
and Changchun Cave are the largest. A large temple named Xunshan
Temple , where Xi nuluo, namely, the first was mainly offered, is
different from other famous Taoist mountains.
Weibao Mountain was ever the farmland
of the ancestor of Nanzhao, Xi Nuluo, who took refuge
from Ailao Mountain to Mingshechuan and planted in Wei
Mountain. According to the demise of King Zhangle Jinqiu
of Jianning State, he founded Great Meng Kingdom and
called himself King Qijia. Later, his descendants unified
five Zhaos and established the brilliant government
of Nanzhao in southwest China.
Mountain is one of famous Taoist mountains in China. According to
the historical books, in Han Dynasty, Taoist Meng You (elder brother
of Meng Huo) began to preach Taoism here. During the Ming and Qing
Dynasties, the Taoists in Wudang Mountain of Hubei and Qingcheng
Mountain of Sichuan moved to Weibao Mountain and built more than
Taoist temples, such as Zhunti Pavilion, Ganlu Pavilion, Bao'en
Hall, Xunshan Hall, Wenchan Palace, Zhunjun Pavilion, Laojun Hall,
Yuhuang Pavilion, Sanhuang Hall, Pavilion of Kwan-yin, Kuixing Pavilion,Doulao
Pavilion, Sanqing Hall, Daoyuan Hall, Yunhe Hall, Peihe Tower, Hanzhen
Tower, Hall of Mammon, Hall of Third Princess and Changchun Cave.
This made Weibao Mountain the sacred Taoist site and there were
hundreds of Taoists. These well-arranged, technically advanced,
grand and elegant buildings reflected the religious and national
features with rich and colorful sculptures and carvings. The Qing
fresco, carved on the piers of Wenlong Pavilion in Wenchan Palace
depicted the scene of song competition of Yi nationality. It was
a very rare cultural relics. And it was highly exulted when its
copy was exhibited in Beijing.
The vegetation in Weibao Mountain
is kept intact and there are many rare trees, such as
evergreen chiquapin, cypress and camphor. Since the
late Ming Dynasty or early Qing Dynasty, the old camellia
tree of 15m high and 28cm wide before Zhujun , has lived
for 300 years. During early February, hundreds of bowl-like
and red like rouge camellias are in full bloom.
During the period from February 1
to 15 (according to lunar calendar) the traditional
Worshiping Fair is held. And thousands of people from
all directions come here to visit.
In terms of history, religion, nationality,
ancient buildings, animals and plants, Weibao Mountain
is very worth exploring. In 1982, it was listed as one
of 8 state-level scenic spots of Dali. Furthermore,
in December 1987, it was granted to be the key protection
unit of historical relics in the third batch issued
by the People's Government of Yunnan province.