Originally built during the Ming Dynasty
(1368-1644), the hall of the famous Taoist temple is made
of copper, weighing about 280 tons. All the interior settings
including the gate, walls, columns, doors, windows, Buddha
statues, altars and roof tiles are made of copper.
The Golden Temple was first built in the
30th year of the Wanli Period (1602) in the Ming Dynasty.
According to the historical files, at that time, Yunnan was
ordered to send the bronze ore from Dongchuan to central China
to make coins. But a war blocked the road. The governor of
Yunnan, Chen Yongbing, and Qianguogong, the governor of Guizhou
Province, Mu Changzuo, ordered that the bronze be used to
build a temple in imitation of the Taihe Palace of the Zijing
Palace and the Golden Temple on Tianzhu Peak in the Wudang
Mountains, Hubei Province. The temple was later moved to the
Jizu Mountains, western Yunnan. During the reign of the Qing
Emperor Kangxi(1662-1722), Wu Sangui, a military general,
rebuilt the temple, keeping the original Hubei design. The
bronze used weighed over 200 tons.The temple walls were made
with cast panels covered with extremely delicate and diverse
The bronze temple clearly proved that a
few centuries ago, Yunnan people have mastered the techniques
of smelting and casting bronze.
Outside the Golden Temple, in front of the
staircase, the wide branched camellias are called "Diechi"
£¨Butterfly Wings£©. They are covered
with thousands of flowers in the deep winter. The two myrtles
close by have been planted in the Ming Dynasty. At the top
of the mountain behind the temple hangs a 14-ton "Great
Bell" of the Ming Yongle Era which is 2.1 meters tall
and 6.7 meters in circumference, the bell was cast in the
21st year of the Yongle era(1424), over 560 years ago. It
used to hang in Xuanhua Mansion in Kunming to announce the
time. When Kunming expanded however, it was moved to the Golden
Temple. In recent years, the Temple has been expanded several
times when the "Parrot Garden", the "Camellia
Garden", and the "Orchid Garden" were added.