Yunnan Provincial Museum
The Yunnan Provincial
Museum is a regional museum, containing around 50,000 objects
in its collections. Among these, historical objects account
for around 30,000 items of which there are 7,000 bronzes,
revolutionary items (7,200), ethnic minorities cultural objects
(7,000), handicrafts (4,000). The Museum represents the local
minority people in particular, and features arts from the
Dali Kingdom as well as other periods of Yunnan history.
The Yunnan Historical Objects Exhibition
has strong regional characteristics, elements that distinguish
the local cultures from the Central Plains Han-Chinese culture.
Using a diversity of excavated objects, the exhibition displays
the face of ancient Yunnan. Many of the objects in this exhibition
have important scientific and artistic value, and provide
material evidence of mankind's social development.
Discoveries from the Yuanmou site in Yunnan are displayed
in this exhibition. The fossilized remains of two early hominid
teeth, dating from around 1.7 million years ago, were found
at the site in 1965. This is the earliest hominid fossil found
on the Asian continent to date, and provides extremely important
scientific evidence in the research into man's development
From the Warring States to the Western Han period, the various
peoples of Yunnan were creating a distinctive bronze culture.
Bronzes excavated at a place called Wanjiapo include the earliest
bronze drums to be excavated in China. Some bronzes from this
site have been exhibited in over ten countries around the
world, among which are a cow-and-tiger patterned piece that
is particularly lively and a cowry-shell container notable
for its reflection of slave-society sacrificial practices.
Various items reflect the close cultural interaction of Yunnan
people with people of the motherland. These include an incense
burner that is central-plains in character, a walking lamp,
a bronze mirror, a bronze spear, Wuzhu coins, and so on. The
seal of the King of the Dian Kingdom in particular testifies
to the fact that Yunnan was already an indivisible part of
China from some 2,000 years ago.