Lijiang Travel Guide
Situated in the northwest plateau in Yunnan,
Lijiang (the Beautiful River) got its name from its position
at the middle reaches of the beautiful Jinsha River. The Naxi
Autonomous County is the seat of the administrative commission
of Lijiang Prefecture. Scattered on an area of 7,648 square
kilometers, the population of 320,000 is made up of the Naxi,
Bai, Lisu, Pumi, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Hui, Han and other ethnic
groups. Among them, the Naxi people constitute 57% of the
total. Affected by the plateau wind from South Asia, Lijiang
has two distinctive seasons, the dry and the wet. The temperature
range of the four seasons is narrow. The annual mean temperature
ranges from12.6 C to 9.9 C. The Dongba religion, a primitive
religion, is the common belief of the Naxi people. In addition,
some of them believe in Lamaism. These two religions have
greatly influenced the ideology of the Naxi people and their
social activities and life.
The Ancient town of Lijiang
The Ancient town of Lijiang was built in
the middle of a flatland at the foot of the Yulong Snow Mountain.
It got its name "Dayan Zheng" (the Town of Big Ink
Slab) because the town is surrounded by tree-covered mountains
on all sides with crystal clear water running in the middle
of it. It has the appearance of a big jade ink slab. The town
covers an area of 3.8 square kilometer at an elevation of
The town was built in the late Song dynasty
and the early Yuan dynasty. Since then, it has been the political,
cultural, and educational center in this area. For a time,
it had been an important trading center for business between
Yunnan and Tibet, China and India. And now ,the town is a
Historical and Cultural Heritage in China and it has been
included in the World Cultural Heritage. The roads in the
old town radiate from Sifang Street (Square Street) to form
a network connecting every corner of the city. Small squares
are scattered along appropriate sections of the main streets.
Houses have been built on the mountain slopes tier upon tier.
"The city depends on water for existence and water comes
along with the city" has become one of the main features
of the old town.
Culture is the soul of Lijiang ancient town.
Dongba culture is an integral part of Naxi culture, referred
to as the ancient culture of the ethnic Naxi. It is called
so because it is mostly found in the Dongba religion, which
is believed to be one thousand years old. It chiefly consists
of scriptures, paintings, music, dances, ritual implements
and religious services.
Lijiang Travel Attractions
Lijiang Baisha Murals
Black Dragon Pool
Ancient Town Of
Of Yangtze River
Naxi Ethnic People
Naxi Classical Music