Tengchong County, Homeplace Of
County, a vital link on the ancient Southwestern Silk Route (Kunming
-- Baoshan -- Tengchong -- Mangshi -- Ruili), is situated in the
western part of Yunnan Province, Bordering on Burma in the northwest
with a boundary line of 151 kilometres long. It is 750 kilometres
away from the provincial seat Kunming and 160 kilometers westward
from Baoshan. Its total area is 5,693 square kilometres and population
was 490,000 people, consisting of more than 10 nationalities, such
as the Hans, Dais, Lisus, Huis, Was and others.
Tengchong is one of the earliest developed
regions. In the Western Han Dynasty (206 B.C. - A.D.
24), it belonged to Yizhoujun Prefecture. In the Sui
(581-618) and Tang (618-907) Dynasties, a contemporary
prefecture governed by a local chieftain was set up.
In the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), Tengyue Prefecture
was instituted. In the following dynasties, different
administrative offices were set up. In 1913, Tengchong
was made a county. In history, it occupied an important
position on the Southwestern Silk Route. The Sichuan
cloth and bamboo sticks available at the markets in
Bactria (including Afghanistan and parts of India) were
brought there from the ancient Bonan Route through Tengchong.
From the Ming Dynasty on, large numbers of Tengchong
people went abroad to trade and seek a livelihood. Up
to now, overseas Tengchong people amount to about 3
thousand, inhabiting all the continents.
at the southwestern end of the Hengduan (transversely faulted) Mountains,
Tengchong topographically assumes the form of a horseshoe with the
opening facing the south. The eastern most sources of the Irrawaddy
issue from the high mountains in the north. The Longchuanjiang,
Dayinjiang and Binlangjiang Rivers rise from among the fault mountainsides
in the county. The highest point is the summit of Mount Danaozi
of Gaoligongshan Mountain, 3,780.2 metres above sea level and the
lowest point, 930 metres above sea level, is in the Suqingjiang
valley. The elevation of the county seat is 1,640 metres.
The crustal movement in the county
is active and earthquakes are frequent. The volcanoes
on Dayingshan, Shitoushan, the Greater Heikongshan,
the Lesser Heikongshan Mountains erupted repeatedly.
The county seat is surrounded by a group of young volcanoes.
county abounds in geothermal energy. There are over 80 steaming
fountain hot streams and boiling fountains. Ten of them spout hot
water of 90 C and upward. The county can, in a sense, be said to
be a geothermal museum. The climate of Tengchong belongs to a subtropical,
mountainous type. The annual temperature averages 14.7 C and the
rainfall 1,425 mm. Generally speaking, the climate is agreeable.
A proverb says, "There is neither sweltering summer nor severe
winter in Tenchaong, but a raining day brings the temperature down."
Natural resources are plentiful. The
are over 2,000 higher plants. Among the economic and
timber forests, there are forests of oil tea, catalpa,
common China-fir, Armandi pine, walnut, etc. The percentage
of forest cover reaches 34.6. Ornamental and medicinal
plants exist in great quantities. The blossoms of the
rhododendrons on Gaoligongshan Mountain are exceptionally
large. The Gaoligong Nature Reserve, renowned as a natural
botanical garden, has over 1,400 species of higher plants,
many rare and precious animals and medicinal plants.
The area is the origin of R. giganteum forest at Tagg
(a special rhododendron species) and Yunnan camellia.
Mineral resources include iron, tin,
lead, zinc, wolfram, uranium, diatomite, rock crystal.
Wollastonite, lignite, etc.
a provenience of modern industry in Yunnan, Tengchong's industry
and handicraft industry were fostered as early as the turn of the
Ming and Qing Dynasties, nearly 400 years ago. Factories and workshops
were set up first by importing equipment from abroad. Earlier products
included textile goods, leather, soaps, battery, cigarettes, matches,
etc. They found market in West Yunnan and Burma and Southeast Asian
countries. Since the founding of the People's Republic, greater
achievements have been made. A more or less complete industrial
system has been formed, comprising 32 departments like power generating,
metallurgy, machinery, paper making, textile industry, matches production,
pharmacy, tanning, chemical industry, sugar refining, tea leaves
refining, food processing, etc. The major products include refined
tin, pig iron, crude lead, timber, plywood, cement, refractory,
diatomite filtration promoter, sulphuric acid, caustic soda, hydrochlorite
potassium chlorate, calcium phdrogen phosphate, paper, canesugar,
refined tea leaves, preserved fruits, edible oil, matches, Chinese
medicine, etc. Some of them show pretty strong competitive power
in the markets inside or outside the province. The matches, Chinese
medicine, refined tin, refined tea leaves and the "xuanzhi"
(a high quality writing paper originally produced in Xuancheng)
enjoy high reputation abroad. In agriculture, Tengchong produces
grain and oil crops, tobacco, tea leaves, sugarcane, etc. The production
of tobacco has a history of more than 400 years. Tengchong tobacco,
cultivated on the volcanic mountain slopes is of excellent quality
and therefore used as a blend. The Chuanlong tea leaves and large-sized
tea leaves sell particularly well.
County is noted for its rich tourism resources, and is one of the
national-level scenic resorts. Worth mentioning among the historical
relics and scenic spots are clustered volcanoes at Tengchong, clustered
hot springs, the Relic of Neolithic Culture, Laifeng Monastery,
Longguangtai Pavliion, Yuanlong Pavilion, the Philosopher Ai Siqi's
Home, the Heshun Library, Dieshuihe Waterfall and Taijiqiao Bridge,
Wengchanggong Daoist Temple and Shuiyingsi Temple, Yunfeng Mountain,
Martyr's Cemetery, the Hou Jing Bell, Shenweipao (the cannon with
the martial prowess), etc.
The famous local products include
jade articles, Chinese medicine, 'xuanzhi" paper,
dried rice noodles, tea oil, small hats of split bamboo,
preserved vegetables, articles of rattan work, etc.
Tengchong is 760 kilometers
from Kunming. Bus and flight are both available to Tengchong.
Tengchong Travel Attractions