Booming Industries Of Yunnan
is famous for its tobacco industry. In 1987, when China National
Tobacco Company announced 25top cigarette brand names for the tobacco
sector, seven brands produced in Yunnan were included in the list.
Tobacco growing and cigarette making have become pillar industries
of the province's economy. More than 100 cigarette factories throughout
China rely on Yunnan for the supply of tobacco leaves.
"Hongtashan," one of the
best known brands of cigarette in Yunnan, is now regarded
as the best value of all Chinese brands and has become
a nationally famous trade mark. The tobacco leaves,
from which Hongtashan cigarettes are made, are carefully
grown by Yunnan farmers using special techniques. Yunnan
has been growing tobacco leaves for around 800 years.
Those grown in the south part of the province are of
superior quality with plump leaves and deep golden color.
They are flexible and have a moderate alkaline content,
high sugar content and a rich fragrance. Yuxi Cigarette
Factory is a leading enterprise in the Chinese tobacco
industry and the largest cigarette producer in Asia.
It is equipped with the most advanced cigarette making
machinery and technology in the world. The merger of
Yunnan Hongta (Group) Company, founded in 1995,and Yuxi
Cigarette Factory last year marked a new era for this
group to begin its trans-industrial and trans-regional
business operations. The Yunnan Hongta Company Ltd,
now a shareholding company, is a powerful enterprise.
Its most famous brand name, "Hongtashan,"
was valued at 38.6 billion yuan by a Beijing-based property
appraisal firm in 1998.
Recent statistics show that the flue-cured
tobacco leaves prepared in Yunnan account for one third
of the country's total, while cigarettes account for
one fifth. The tax and profits of Yunnan's tobacco industry
is approximately half of the total for the whole sector
in China. In 1997, the tobacco industry in Yunnan produced
taxes and profits worth 37.8 billion yuan,100 times
more than that of 10 years ago. Yunnan's tobacco industry
ranks first, not only in the output of flue-cured tobacco
leaves and cigarette making, but also in technology,
equipment, profits and sales throughout China. It is
a strong pillar industry of Yunnan's economic development.
is an ideal place for growing tea trees. On entering the Tea Research
Institute of Yunnan Province, located in Menghai County in Xishuangbanna
Prefecture, you feel you are entering a tea museum. There are 749
species of tea trees belonging to 15 genera in the world, of which
China has398.Yunnan is home to270species which are distributed over120
counties and cities throughout the province. Among the finest varieties,
Pu'er tea, one of the big-leaf species is a special variety because
of its high content of active ingredients and its strong, sweet
Many ancient tea trees are still growing
in Yunnan. One such tree has been growing for about
800 years according to scientists. It still lives on
the Nannuo Mountain in Menghai County. It is called
by local residents the " king of tea trees."
Another wild tea tree, 1,700 years old, was also found
on the county's Dahei Mountain. This tea tree, which
is 32.12 meters tall, is still covered with exuberant
foliage and produces high quality tea. Just recently,
an even larger tea tree was found in the province. The
tree is 34 meters tall and 3.8 meters in circumference
at its base. It is believed to be the largest wild tea
tree in the world.
Tea drinking customs differ from one
ethnic group to another in Yunnan. For example, people
living in the cold northwest of the province like to
drink butter tea and chicken fat tea, while those residing
in the hot southwestern section are fond of sour tea
or drinking tea from bamboo tubes. Drinking toasted
tea is the custom of the people living in the mountainous
areas in southern Yunnan. The Bai ethnic group in Dali
has a long-standing tradition of drinking "three-courses
tea". The taste of the first course is bitter,
the second sweet and finally mellow, rich taste.
two largest tea producing centers are Fengqing and Menghai counties,
where green tea, black tea and pressed tea are grown and processed.
Yunnan black tea is a high quality tea, and one of China's important
exports. The famous Pu'er tea and Xiaguan-brand Tuo tea are green
teas. Xiaguan Tuo tea, mainly produced in Dali, is made in the form
of a ball. It is widely favored for its pleasant flavor and color,
and exported to more than 20 countries.
Yunnan's flatlands, river valleys
and hills, mostly around 1,400 metres above sea level,
are suitable for growing sugarcane with plenty of sunshine
and wide variations in temperature between daytime and
night time. Yunnan has a long history of growing sugarcane.
The brown sugars produced in Zhuyuan, Panxi, Yongsheng
and Qiaojia regions are very popular. Yunnan is one
of the leading sugar producing provinces in China.Its
sugar output ranks third among all the provinces. At
present, land for growing sugarcane covers over 6 million
mu, while a further 3 million mu is being prepared to
extend the crops.
Yunnan was the first place in China
to grow rubber trees. As early as 1904, a tribal headsman
in Dehong prefecture imported 3,000 saplings of rubber
trees from abroad and planted them in the Fenghuang
Mountain area. Large scale planting of rubber trees
began in the early 1950s. Now rubber trees have been
successfully transplanted to areas at latitude 21°-25°N
and with altitude of 100-1,000 metres above sea level.
The yield per unit area is the highest in China. The
rubber industry in Yunnan now has a wealth of experience
to call on.
Because of its varied climatic conditions,
Yunnan is an ideal place for growing many different
fruit trees throughout the year. More than 130 varieties
of fruit grow in the province, putting Yunnan first
in fruit growing among all the provinces. Now fruit
production is on a large scale and is very profitable.
Fruits of many varieties are available all year round
in Yunnan and are sent to markets in many other provinces