Jinghong, A Town Of Dawning
Located in the south
of Yunnan Province, Jinghong is the political, economic and
cultural center of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture,
which is a supernatural oasis in southwest China, while Jinghong
is just a bright pearl in the oasis.
Jinghong was named as Jingyong, Jinglong
and Cheli in history, where a total of 13 nationalities live
together such as Dai, Hani, Jinuo, Bulang, Hui and Yao. The
population of the ethnic minorities takes up 66.7% of the
total population. In 1180, Payazhen, the leader of Dai people,
established Jinglong Kingdom. In 1269 of the Yuan Dynasty
(1271-1368), Jinghong Kingdom was changed into Cheli Army
and People General Government which was re-changed into Cheli
Xuanwei Shisi (pacification office) in 1384 of the Ming Dynasty
(1368-1644). In 1570, the commissioner of Cheli Xuanwei Shisi
divided its territory into 12 Banna (12 parts). In 1927, Cheli
Xuanwei Shisi was made as Cheli County, and then was renamed
as Jinghong County in 1958. Finally, it was upgraded as Jinghong
City in 1993.
Hani people are mainly distributed in the
mountainous and semi-mountainous areas such as Menhai, Menglong
and Mengla counties. Jino people are mainly living in Jino
and Mengwang townships. Blang people are the aborigines of
Yunnan Province, mainly distributed in Bulangshan and Xiding
Townships, Mengman, Daluo towns. Hui people are concentrated
in Menghai and Mengzhe towns.
Enjoying the fame as 'Green Treasury' and
'Gene Pool of Species', Jinghong keeps a large area of tropical
rainforest, including oil palms, coconut palms and mango trees
as well as various other tropical plants grown wherever in
the parks, on the sides of the streets, in front of or behind
are many cultural and scientific institutes in Jinghong, including
Yunnan Institute of Tropical Craps, Yunnan National Laboratory
primate Center of China and the largest butterfly farms of
China. Jinghong has the most enchanting tropical landscape.
The main scenic spots in Jinghong worthwhile visiting are
the Peacock Lake, Chunhuan Park, Manjinglan Tourism Village,
Folk-Custom garden, Dai Garden (the village of the Dai ethnic
group) and Xishuangbanna Primitive Forest Park.