one of the important relics of Xishuangbanna, the Jung Zhen Octagonal
Pavilion is named after the place where it is located. The octagonal
pavilion, called "Wo Su" in the Dai language, is a place
where the senior Buddhist monks give sutra, repent, hold meetings
and memorize Buddha. With the history of almost 300 years, the pavilion
acted as the hall of precept when it was built in 1704AD, while
now being a national relic protection unit. With the smart and magnificent
shape, the octagonal pavilion is considered as the marvelous word
in the Hinayana Buddhism and it is also a mark of the Dai minority
architecture in ancient Xishuangbanna.
Brick and stone structured, the
octagonal pavilion consists of five parts, which are
the base, the body, the eave, the plane and the roof.
The architectural distribution is as follows: shaped
house (the house has a shape like the Chinese character
""), 21 miters high, 10 meters in diameter
at the bottom, 8 large planes, 31 small planes, 32 corners,
24 walls forming the pavilion room with four doors to
the north, south, east, west, respectively which are
drawn with minority patterns.
The front gate is in arched shape
above which is a niche with the Buddha sculpture. The
doors are made from the Red Chinese toon trees and are
covered with Dai-style sunflowers and playing double
dragons respectively. There is a wooden ladder connected
with the stone step in front of the gate, where a fierce
lion sculpture and a holy dragon sculpture are standing
on each side of it. The roof of the pavilion is wood-made
and multiple-layered architecture in the shape of cone.
The ten-layered pavilion is supported by 12 10-meter-long
beams and is covered by eaves tiles just like the fish
scale. What's more, the octagonal seems much more beautiful
with the green ancient Bodhi Tree located between Jung
Zhen Temple and the octagonal. The tree is so large
that we need six or seven people to hold the trunk around
which is also peculiar scenery.